Upper Elementary Curriculum
The Montessori curriculum for upper elementary concentrates in ages 9 through 12 years old. This part of the curriculum ignites the ability of a child by modeling a natural curiosity for the world. The main focus is always learning through experimenting with the "why" behind the "what" they learn.
Following skills developed in the lower elementary program, the language arts curriculum in this level focuses on the communication skills related to speaking, listening, grammar, and handwriting. The main concern is to take the students to a practical level where they are able to communicate their ideas effectively. Also, the curriculum centers in reading, writing, and the analysis of literature in its made forms. Novels, biographies, poetry, and plays are analyzed. The end result of the curriculum focuses on essay writing and research report development and composition.
In a hands on approach, the mathematics curriculum enhances the student's critical thinking and problem-solving skills. Furthering their knowledge about numerical place value in the decimal system, operations with whole numbers, multiples and factors, and divisibility rules and fractions, the students gain a thorough understanding of the application related to these items. Some of the mathematical concepts concentrated on are: negative numbers, nonterminating decimal numbers, irrational numbers, and topics related to pre-algebra and algebra methods within math. In addition, the student explores the practical application of other learned mathematical concepts as well as geometry applications.
Students are encouraged to learn about the earth and her physical environment. Topics such as its formation, and transformations are analyzed. The earth's biosphere is further researched from the continuation of the concepts that were introduced in the lower elementary curriculum. Again, hands-on activities instill the understanding of the material.
The students are exposed to the various regions of the earth and its people, and motivated to furthering their own research on such subjects. Furthering their background from the lower elementary curriculum, students are introduced the concept of human meditation, and cultural diversity. The curriculum culminates with a research project that broadens the understanding of all the topics in this section.
This curriculum provides an overview of the United States of America and its formation. The people that shaped its history bring to life this country's evolution through time and through the lessons presented in this section. Students will learn from the indigenous beginnings to the early 20th century, and our current system.
Concentrating on prehistoric times, the archaeology side of things, prehistoric civilizations, and exploration, makes this an exciting section in the student's curriculum. And the end of the curriculum, students will be exposed to the research tools available to historians in order to write their own research topic.
Botany and Microscopic Study
The world of plants is further studied and also applied to real life scenarios. Taking current knowledge on the subject of botany give the students motivation to further their understanding by applying what they know to a more microscopic analysis on this particular science.
Students are invited to explore the animal kingdom and all of its development of interconnections. Animals routines and their anatomy and classifications are explored and studied. The student will then identify and apply all of this understanding to the relationship of humanity and Zoology.
Astronomy and Ecology
Humanity and its place in the universe is the center of this curriculum. Through this study, students concentrate on real and abstract concepts related to the combination of these two subjects. Constellations, light-years, astronomical tools, the sun, the solar system, and the moon are some of the topics covered on the astronomy side. On the ecology side, students get introduced to the relationships between the environment and its living things in a very plural sense. The Montessori presentation of these two topics will create the interconnectedness needed for the students to understand them both.
Matter and Energy
The nature of matter and energy are investigated through hands on activities in this section. The fundamentals of matter and it's difference in forms motivate the students in this area to further their research in the ways these forms can be combined.
Scientific Method and Technology
The scientific method is explored through the eyes of the common procedures used by scientists in order to further the knowledge of the world. Through the study of the technological tools that have been available throughout time, motivated with their own research on the topic using current technology tools.
Some of the topics included here are related to wellness overall including hygiene, media awareness, and healthy relationship. Health is taken from a physical, mental and emotional level and also in an intrinsic and an extrinsic approach.